/proc/cpuinfo has the info you need to identify the number of processors, cores and threads.
To get the total number of processors/cpu cores:
grep -c processor /proc/cpuinfo
Total number of physical cpus:
grep "physical id" /proc/cpuinfo | sort -u | wc -l
Number of cores per cpu:
grep "cores" /proc/cpuinfo | sort -u
To check if hyperthreading is enabled:
grep "cores\|siblings" /proc/cpuinfo | sort -u
If siblings is a multiple of cores then hyperthreading is enabled.